Burkina Faso
Country of the honourable people

Flag of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso, a country of more than fourteen million people, is located in West Africa. The country is home to an extremely diverse population; more than 60 ethnic groups are spread over an area of 274 000 square kilometres. The name “Burkina Faso” was created from several local languages and means “Land of the honourable people.” The values of integrity, solidarity and respect are important to the people of this country and allow them to endure in sometimes harsh conditions. With 80% of the population living in rural areas, the most common economic activity is agriculture. Infrastructure, particularly that which handles water is dangerously under-developed. So, in the dry season of October to May, people often suffer from thirst. Literacy rates are low, particularly among women, which aggravates an already difficult situation. Also, many cannot afford health care and the afflictions of poverty, of which malaria is probably the most severe, are common.

Despite all of this, the Burkinabé people are very optimistic and are engaged in their own development. Hundreds of local associations work in the field trying to improve the quality of life. This is a country with a long history and well developed culture. It is a country well known for its traditional cultures, its music and its films, but also for its kind and compassionate people.

A few statistics

  • Population: 15.2 million
  • Life expectancy: 53 years
  • Literacy rate: 22%
  • Infant mortality rate: 86 out of 1000 births
  • HIV/AIDS rate: 4.2%
  • Fertility rate: 6.7 children per woman
  • Percentage of population living on less than $1 USD per day: 45%
  • GDP per capita: $1200 USD
  • Human development index: 176th of 177 countries